Day 2: Revelation 6:9-17


Show notes for Week 4

Day 1: 6:1-8

In Revelation five, we saw God give Jesus the scroll with seven seals holding it closed. Now we will watch as Jesus pulls apart the scroll one seal at a time.

First Seal

  • John must look
  • Jesus is the one who gives authority to this conquerer
  • Much debate over the identity of this conquerer because of his white horse
  • Seals 1-4 are four aspects of this conquerer
  • This is the antichrist

As Jesus opens the first seal we hear the four living creatures shout “Come and see.” They say this as Jesus opens each seal. The implication here might be that John would be otherwise inclined to look away. What is going to take place is going to be confusing at first, but once the scroll has been opened, it will make sense.

In the first seal, Jesus is actually giving authority to a conquerer on a white horse to come forth in the earth. He is given a bow, but without an arrow or quiver. This is almost certainly a reference to the Antichrist, henceforth known as The Beast in Revelation. Many scholars disagree on this, and there are almost as many interpretations to who this rider is as there are books on the subject. The fact that this rider is on a white horse cause many to reject the idea of him being the Antichrist.

One of the the things that offends people about Jesus potentially releasing the Antichrist is when we understand what he will do intentionally to the saints. But one thing is clear and undeniable—it will be God who grants Him authority to conquer the earth and the saints specifically. We are told this plainly in Revelation 13:7.

It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation. 

This brings up some very hard questions, but ones we must ask if we are to fully understand Revelation. Why would our loving God knowingly release a conquerer whose main objective is to oppress and kill God’s people? When we study this book, we will see why God is at no point less loving because of this, but we must not distance ourselves from the offense we feel at this. We must face it head-on, and God will answer us for it as we study His plan for the end of time.

This rider on a white horse seems to corroborate the image we are given of the Antichrist by Daniel—that he will be a deceiver who initially brings peace.

Second Seal

  • Now the conquerer makes use of his bow with ammunition. War breaks out and death begins.

With this seal, a red horse and rider are sent out. They will bring world-wide war on the earth. These horsemen may be literal or symbolic of different aspects of the Antichrist’s reign as it progresses. The similarities are striking.

Third Seal

  • Now this conquerer will have a hand in bringing scarcity
  • Could be intentional or a consequence of his wars from the second seal
  • This increases the hatred on earth as Paul references in 2 Thessalonians 2:7-8

The third horse is now black, and he and his rider will bring scarcity on the earth. What he proclaims is that basically, a normal laborer’s day’s wages will by enough food to feed one person very meagerly. Some believe that the reference to not harming the oil and wine means that the wealthy of the earth will be untouched by this judgment, something that will deepen the growing hatred on earth as the Paul describes in 2 Thessalonians 2:7-8.

Fourth Seal

  • This next horse represents the color of dead flesh.
  • The amount of dead from this would amount to 1.75 billion people if it were to occur today
  • This will happen in a very short period of time, possibly two years or less

A pale horse and rider come next. This “pale” is a reference to the color of human skin when it is dead. We find out that a quarter of the earth is going to die in ways only our wildest imaginations can make sense of. There have been many times when disease and war have taken unthinkable percentages of the earth’s population, but nothing will have ever come close to this in terms of percentage and numbers. If this happened tomorrow, it would amount to over 1.75 billion people dying in what may only be a few months’ time.

Day 2: 6:9-17

Fifth Seal

  • Each set of judgments change with #5
  • These saints are asking for the vengeance God promised He would provide in Deuteronomy
  • They are right in asking for this
  • This is a far worse judgment than the first four, because God always hears the cries of His people and He responds.
  • This will cause God to release His wrath on those on earth who have killed and mistreated His beloved people

The first four seals are revealed in a pattern and now that pattern is broken. Now we take a step back and see the throngs of martyred saints, most of which may have died during this early tribulation time at the hands of the Antichrist and his kingdom. We hear them cry out for justice and vengeance.

We must assume that they are not asking for this amiss, for they are now eternal spirits hidden in the very presence of God Himself, and they are given a good answer. They were given white robes to symbolize their righteous deeds and told to wait until their number was complete.

This does not seem like a judgment, but when we consider God’s jealousy for us, we can imagine it is far worse for the earth than the first four. When God’s saints cry out to Him, He answers and He answers powerfully. This should conjure up images of the Exodus and God’s answer to His peoples’ cries then. The cries of God’s martyrs are about to release tremendous calamity on those who have made war against God and His people.

Sixth Seal

  • The drama ramps up with the sixth seal
  • We move from natural to supernatural judgments
  • The people of earth know who is doing all this – there is no confusion
  • They will henceforth openly rebel against God – they are not ignorant or innocent

The nature of how God’s judgments and plan unfold change dramatically with the sixth seal. Up to this point, every judgment has taken place by natural processes. Humans have killed through war, people have asked for judgment and disease has ravished the earth. From here on, however, things take a decidedly supernatural course.

There is going to be such a large earthquake that every mountain on earth will be moved. How that will look we do no know, but we can be sure by the reaction of the greatest people on earth that it will be absolutely shocking. Stars falling to the earth, blood moons and the sun turning dark (eclipses) are all normal occurrences, but something is different about these. Again, they make the kings of the earth hide in the mountains.

The most curious thing about the sixth seal is probably that John said the sky was opened like a scroll and the heavens were revealed. There is great speculation about what John meant by this, and our imaginations can only wander, but the result is certain. From this point on, there is no confusion about who is perpetrating all these judgments. The kings cry out to be hidden from God Himself, in much the same way the Israelites asked Moses to speak to God so they wouldn’t die (Exodus 20:19).

There are some that think Revelation seems unkind of God to release the coming horrible judgments upon a people who have no clue about what is going on, but here we see that no one on earth is left innocent at this point. The rebellion against the judgments we will see will not be in ignorance, but with full understanding that a divine being is carrying them out, and the people of the earth will openly rebel against Him.

Day 3: 7:1-8

Parenthetical Section on Divine Protection

  • 144,000 Actual Jews, not “figurative” Jews
  • The list Excludes Dan and Ephraim but includes Joseph and Manasseh
  • Sovereign protection amidst catastrophic calamity

Chapter seven abruptly changes course from the sixth seal. We take a pause from what the angel was showing John and we enter a parenthetical section

First we are told that 144,000 from each tribe of Israel will be sealed and protected. There are many misconceptions and cultic beliefs based on this, primarily because the twelve tribes no longer exist in discernible form. For centuries it has been believed that this must be figurative since Israel no longer exists in this fashion. Today, the best any Jew knows of their heritage is that they are possibly descended from Judah, Benjamin or Levi. They are the three tribes that survived intact in the new temple era. The word “Jew” is a form of the word “Judah.”

But John was not confused. The angel said Israel and that is what He meant. Today we have a national Israel, something unthinkable just a century ago, and we will certainly somehow see the emergence of these tribes. The list is interesting in itself because it excludes Dan and Ephraim and includes Joseph and Manasseh. Every other list includes either Ephraim and Manasseh or Joseph separately, since they were Joseph’s children reckoned to Jacob in Egypt.

What we do know for sure is that in the midst of the Antichrist’s brutal reign, God will sovereignly protect these 144,000. But it doesn’t stop there. God will next show us the greatest supernatural protection ever revealed.

Day 4: 7:9-17

Innumerable Saints

  • People from every tribe, tongue and nation
  • Fulfillment of Matthew 24:14 and Acts 1
  • They have suffered in the great tribulation—first reference in Revelation

Jesus told us that the end would not come until there was redemption from every tribe, tongue and nation (Matthew 24:14). What we see here is the completion of the task that Jesus gave us in Acts 1 to make disciples of every nation.

One thing that is easy to miss is that these in white robes have suffered. They have been exposed to the sun, they have hungered and thirsted, but God will wipe away every tear from their eyes. They have all specifically come out of the great tribulation, the first time that word is referenced in Revelation.

Day 5: Recap

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